Many people affected by obesity experience depression.

Many people affected by obesity experience depression.

Liver disease
People with obesity can develop a liver disease known as fatty liver disease or nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). This happens when excess fat builds up in the liver. The excess fat can damage the liver or cause scar tissue to grow, known as cirrhosis.

Fatty liver disease usually has no symptoms, but it can eventually lead to liver failure. The only way to reverse or manage the disease is to lose weight, exercise, and avoid drinking alcohol.

7. Gallbladder disease
The gallbladder is responsible for storing a substance known as bile and passing it to the small intestine during digestion. Bile helps you digest fats.

Obesity increases your risk of developing gallstones. Gallstones occur when bile builds up and hardens in the gallbladder. People with obesity may have higher levels of cholesterol in their bile, or have large gallbladders that don’t work well, which can lead to gallstones. Gallstones can be painful and require surgery.

Eating a diet high in fiber and healthy fats may help prevent gallstones. Avoiding refined grains like white rice, bread, and pasta can also help.

8. Certain cancers
Because cancer isn’t a single disease, the association between obesity and cancer isn’t as clear as other diseases like heart disease and stroke. Still, obesity can increase your risk for certain cancers, including breast, colon, gallbladder, pancreatic, kidney, and prostate cancer, as well as cancer of the uterus, cervix, endometrium, and ovaries.

One population-based studyTrusted Source estimated that about 28,000 new cases of cancer in men and 72,000 in women in 2012 were associated with being overweight or having obesity in the United States.

9. Pregnancy complications
Pregnant women who are overweight or have obesity are more likely to develop insulin resistance, high blood sugar, and high blood pressure. This can increase the risk of complications during pregnancy and delivery, including:

gestational diabetes
needing a cesarean delivery (C-section)
blood clots
heavier bleeding than normal after delivery
premature birth
defects of the brain and spinal cord
In one study, over 60 percentTrusted Source of women with a BMI of 40 or greater when they got pregnant ended up having one of these complications. If you’re overweight or have obesity and are thinking about having a baby, you may want begin a weight management plan to avoid the above health risks. Talk to your doctor about physical activity you can safely do during pregnancy.

10. Depression
Many people affected by obesity experience depression. Some studies have found a strong correlation between obesity and major depressive disorder.

People affected by obesity may often experience discrimination based on their body size. Over time, this can lead to feelings of sadness or lack of self-worth.

Today, many advocacy groups, such as the National Association to Advance Fat Acceptance (NAAFA), are working to eliminate discrimination based on body size. These organizations provide opportunities to get involved in fighting against this discrimination.

If you have obesity and are experiencing symptoms of depression, ask your doctor for a referral to a mental health counselor.

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